Civil War: Col. Thomas W. Bradley–excerpt from OLD WALDEN

Col. Tomas W. Bradley—excerpts from C.E. “String” Cooper’s Old Walden 

Monument to the 124th New York "Orange Blossoms" at Gettysburg

Monument–124th New York ‘Orange Blossoms’ at Gettysburg

From those dark and dismal days when our forefathers were trying to weld together a nation of disconnected states, we now turn to another epic of our nation’s history when these selfsame states were in mortal combat to tear apart all the work done in the years past ‑ The War Between the States or The Civil War. Of all the regiments participating none had a more brilliant or bloody record than our own 124th New York Volunteer Infantry of which Company H was recruited here in our village. The 124th, which was soon to be known as “Orange Blossoms” was composed of men from different sections of Orange, County. Company H. which was recruited by Captain David Crist, Lieutenant Henry Gowdy, and Lieutenant John R. Hays, was composed of the flower of our Village manpower. When you think that our Village of less than six hundred and fifty turned out a company of eighty two upon President Lincoln’s call for “three hundred thousand more” is it any wonder that there were many a vacant chair in our homes that never would be filled again.

On that day late in August of 1862 eighty two of Walden’s finest marched away forGoshen where on September 5. 1862 they were mustered into the service of the United States and served until mustered out near Washington on June 3, 1865. It is not the idea to write a history of the 124th. For those who are interested we would suggest reading Colonel Charles H. Weygant’s History of the 124th N.Y. VOL. Inf.” A condensed record of this Walden company of three commissioned officers, three musicians, one wagoner and seventy five rifles shows, of casualties wounded, fifty two; of casualties killed ten; died in captivity, four; died of wounds, four; discharges for disability from disease incurred in line of duty, eighteen; mustered out on expiration of service, twenty five; and of this twenty five who served the full term of enlistment five had been wounded once, two twice, two three times, and three Sergeants had been wounded twice and after their second wounding had served terms of imprisonment until exchanged. Out of this company of eighty two men only thirteen passed through the enlistment unscathed.

 Of the four Congressional Medals of Honor awarded to men of the 124th two were wonby Walden men the first by Archibald Freeman aged twenty and the other to Thomas W. Bradley who later became our representative in Congress.

The battle record of this Walden company is that of the “Orange Blossoms Regiment” and reads like the entire war:

Manassas Gap, Fredericksburg, Chancellorsville Beverley Ford, Gettysburgh, Wapping Heights, Auburn, Kellvts Pord, Locust Grove, Mine Run, Wilderness, Po River, Spottsylvania, Fredricksburg, Road, Ny River, Chesterfield Bridge, North Anna Totopotomy, Cold Harbor, Assault of Petersburg, Strawberry Plains, Petersburgh Mine Explosion, Deep Bottom, Poplar Spring Church, Siege of Petersburg, Boydton Road, Weldon Raid, Watkins House, Hatchers Run, Second Boyton Road Fall of Petersburg, Farmvilie, Deatonsville Road, Sailors Creek: Appotomattox Surrender, Walden has been represented in this titanic struggle before the formation of Company H.

Many young men, hearing of the firing on Fort Sumter fifteen months before, joined up, some with Col. Van Wyck’s Tenth Legion from Ulster County, some with Captain Ellis at Bull Run‑, some with the Third New York and Captain Decker’s Nineteenth Militia (mostly from the Village of Montgomery.” Men from this section were with Sickles Brigade on the Peninsular, with Ellsworth’s Avengers, and, not to be outdone, Henry Mathews, served in the navy. Scores of others from our township were serving in various commands.

From “The Newburgh Weekly Times” of Friday, June 23, 1865 we quote:

                      “On Wednesday June 14, 1865 Company H of the 124th N.Y.S.V. was welcomed home to Walden, where it was enlisted. At 2 o’clock in the afternoon the Company left Newburgh in wagons provided by Walden friends, the soldiers hearts filled with conflicting emotions;  Having arrived near Walden they were met by Cataract Fire Engine company (who incidentally furnished 27 of the original members of Co. H) and a large delegation of citizens with a band of musicians, who escorted the boys to the Village. After a short parade through the Village to Scofield Hall (now Silvers Department Store) arms were stacked and the boys dismissed until eight o’clock, when further formalities were to be attended to. At eight o’clock the soldiers were welcomed in appropriate were terms with singing by the Glee club and music by the Band and speeches by the clergy, afterward all repaired to the dining room on the second floor where a sumptuous feast had been prepared.  Returning to the hall, the soldiers enjoyed conversation with old friends until a late hour.  The arrival of the Company was signaled by the discharge of cannon and the display of flags. All the factories in Walden were closed and business generally suspended.”


Possibly the Bradley Guard

Review in Municipal Square
(facing St. Andrew’s Church)

Walden had no organized unit in the Spanish‑American War but a number of Walden men “joined up.” Most joined at Middletown in the National Guard Company, and, as true sons of Walden, served with distinction throughout this short but decisive war. And pray remember, dear reader, that no matter how short the War or “action” or what it might be wounds hurt just as much and their dead are just as dead as those who served in larger wars.

          Although they never went to war, nor was there a war, Walden formed its own military unit called The Bradley Guards around 1907 (the exact date cannot be found). This organization of about forty men officered by Captain Harry Hollingworth and Lieutenant Lewis McGowan field drills in the dance pavilion at the Cedar Cliff Park on the West side of the Kill. Besides drilling they held public dances, etc. to finance their organization, The Rev. Mr. Ding, Pastor of the Baptist Church, was the Chaplain. This was a snappy‑looking outfit nicely uniformed … with caps and carrying rifles procured from the Government through the cooperation of Col. Bradley. They not only were a military unit by they also participated in all the civic affairs of the Village taking a prominent part in all parades, particularly Memorial Day when they furnished the Guard of Honor and the firing squad.   ~ Excerpt from Old Walden, by String Cooper



Corporal David Mould.

” William L Fairchild.

Van Keuren Crist.

Charles A Foster.

George O Fuller.

Joseph Delneater.


Captain David Crist, slightly.

Lieutenant Henry Gowdey, in leg, was in Washington with his brother, did not see him.

Sergeant John Rowland, severely.

” Albert R Rhinehart, severely.

” William H Cox, slightly.

Corporal Benjamin Dutcher, in thigh, flesh wound.

” John R Post, slight—on duty.


William H Brown, above eye—not severe.

Thomas H Baker, in both legs.

John McCann, in arm, badly.

Daniel Carman, in leg, slight.

Andrew Bowman, slight

Jerry M Crist, severely.

Josiah Dawson, slightly.

William H Dawson, severely.

Grandison Judson, slightly.

Charles A McGregor, severely.

Samuel L Youngblood, slightly.

Charles Seaman, Mortally wounded, left on the field—so reported.

Jos Dealmater, ” “

Henry Matthews, ” “


Theron Bodine.

A Hawley.

List of Local Casualties, as published at the time of the Civil War from several early local newspapers…

The condensed history of Walden and its early days, was compiled by C. E. “String” Cooper.  He states:

“The compiler of this brief history makes no claim to being a historian.  Nearly all the material was taken from the following sources:         Eager’s “History of Orange County

                                                 Ruttenber “History of Orange County

                                                 Headley “History of Orange County”

                                                 John C. Holbrow “Fifty Eventful Years

                                                 Charles J. Bodine “History of Walden

                                   Dwight Akers   “Outposts of History of Orange County

                                                William C. Hart “Historic Wallkill Valley

                                                 Old Books   –   Old Newspapers   –   Old Men”


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